Warning: SQLite3::querySingle(): Unable to prepare statement: 1, no such table: sites in /home/admin/web/local.example.com/public_html/index.php on line 46
 Forex Trading Online FX Markets Currencies, Spot ...

Forex Trading Online FX Markets Currencies, Spot ...

wallstreetbets

Like 4chan found a Bloomberg Terminal
[link]

Price Action Trading

A support group for those adhering to the Price Action trading philosophy without indicators, primarily focused on FOREX markets.
[link]

WallStreetBets

You meant to go to /wallstreetbets, not /wsb. Have fun!
[link]

Best CAD CC for no FOREX fees & CB on high spend categories

For the longest time, I’ve had the PCF WE MC that isn’t really all that useful to me as most of my purchases are for dining out and groceries (getting back 1%) and I don’t shop at most of these loyalty stores anymore (Shoppers, Loblaws, No Frills, etc).
Anyone have recommendations as to the next best option for someone who already has a great AMEX Cobalt card (that’s barely accepted by any merchants) and would like a card to replace my PCF WE so I have a card that I can actually use when my AMEX isn’t accepted? FWIW, some merchants actually charge a fee to use AMEX... Looking for most, if not all, of the following features sorted by order of preference:
I feel like the Rogers WE, which has been SEVERELY devaluated, still satisfies what I’m looking for but would like to evaluate any other options.
🍻
P.S. Does anyone know if Visa or AMEX allows for gaming/casino purchases? I know MC works.
submitted by 10Kchallenge to PersonalFinanceCanada [link] [comments]

Dux Forex Signals Offer CB | Web-Based Signals With Alerts

Dux Forex Signals Offer CB | Web-Based Signals With Alerts submitted by excelhomerepair to u/excelhomerepair [link] [comments]

Dux Forex Signals Offer CB | Web-Based Signals With Alerts

submitted by ecc801stfk to u/ecc801stfk [link] [comments]

Mexican Peso Hits 5-month High Against USD as Mexico's CB Offers New Details on Forex Hedges Auction

submitted by AutismAmmo to mexico [link] [comments]

No, the British did not steal $45 trillion from India

This is an updated copy of the version on BadHistory. I plan to update it in accordance with the feedback I got.
I'd like to thank two people who will remain anonymous for helping me greatly with this post (you know who you are)
Three years ago a festschrift for Binay Bhushan Chaudhuri was published by Shubhra Chakrabarti, a history teacher at the University of Delhi and Utsa Patnaik, a Marxist economist who taught at JNU until 2010.
One of the essays in the festschirt by Utsa Patnaik was an attempt to quantify the "drain" undergone by India during British Rule. Her conclusion? Britain robbed India of $45 trillion (or £9.2 trillion) during their 200 or so years of rule. This figure was immensely popular, and got republished in several major news outlets (here, here, here, here (they get the number wrong) and more recently here), got a mention from the Minister of External Affairs & returns 29,100 results on Google. There's also plenty of references to it here on Reddit.
Patnaik is not the first to calculate such a figure. Angus Maddison thought it was £100 million, Simon Digby said £1 billion, Javier Estaban said £40 million see Roy (2019). The huge range of figures should set off some alarm bells.
So how did Patnaik calculate this (shockingly large) figure? Well, even though I don't have access to the festschrift, she conveniently has written an article detailing her methodology here. Let's have a look.
How exactly did the British manage to diddle us and drain our wealth’ ? was the question that Basudev Chatterjee (later editor of a volume in the Towards Freedom project) had posed to me 50 years ago when we were fellow-students abroad.
This is begging the question.
After decades of research I find that using India’s commodity export surplus as the measure and applying an interest rate of 5%, the total drain from 1765 to 1938, compounded up to 2016, comes to £9.2 trillion; since $4.86 exchanged for £1 those days, this sum equals about $45 trillion.
This is completely meaningless. To understand why it's meaningless consider India's annual coconut exports. These are almost certainly a surplus but the surplus in trade is countered by the other country buying the product (indeed, by definition, trade surpluses contribute to the GDP of a nation which hardly plays into intuitive conceptualisations of drain).
Furthermore, Dewey (2019) critiques the 5% interest rate.
She [Patnaik] consistently adopts statistical assumptions (such as compound interest at a rate of 5% per annum over centuries) that exaggerate the magnitude of the drain
Moving on:
The exact mechanism of drain, or transfers from India to Britain was quite simple.
Convenient.
Drain theory possessed the political merit of being easily grasped by a nation of peasants. [...] No other idea could arouse people than the thought that they were being taxed so that others in far off lands might live in comfort. [...] It was, therefore, inevitable that the drain theory became the main staple of nationalist political agitation during the Gandhian era.
- Chandra et al. (1989)
The key factor was Britain’s control over our taxation revenues combined with control over India’s financial gold and forex earnings from its booming commodity export surplus with the world. Simply put, Britain used locally raised rupee tax revenues to pay for its net import of goods, a highly abnormal use of budgetary funds not seen in any sovereign country.
The issue with figures like these is they all make certain methodological assumptions that are impossible to prove. From Roy in Frankema et al. (2019):
the "drain theory" of Indian poverty cannot be tested with evidence, for several reasons. First, it rests on the counterfactual that any money saved on account of factor payments abroad would translate into domestic investment, which can never be proved. Second, it rests on "the primitive notion that all payments to foreigners are "drain"", that is, on the assumption that these payments did not contribute to domestic national income to the equivalent extent (Kumar 1985, 384; see also Chaudhuri 1968). Again, this cannot be tested. [...] Fourth, while British officers serving India did receive salaries that were many times that of the average income in India, a paper using cross-country data shows that colonies with better paid officers were governed better (Jones 2013).
Indeed, drain theory rests on some very weak foundations. This, in of itself, should be enough to dismiss any of the other figures that get thrown out. Nonetheless, I felt it would be a useful exercise to continue exploring Patnaik's take on drain theory.
The East India Company from 1765 onwards allocated every year up to one-third of Indian budgetary revenues net of collection costs, to buy a large volume of goods for direct import into Britain, far in excess of that country’s own needs.
So what's going on here? Well Roy (2019) explains it better:
Colonial India ran an export surplus, which, together with foreign investment, was used to pay for services purchased from Britain. These payments included interest on public debt, salaries, and pensions paid to government offcers who had come from Britain, salaries of managers and engineers, guaranteed profts paid to railway companies, and repatriated business profts. How do we know that any of these payments involved paying too much? The answer is we do not.
So what was really happening is the government was paying its workers for services (as well as guaranteeing profits - to promote investment - something the GoI does today Dalal (2019), and promoting business in India), and those workers were remitting some of that money to Britain. This is hardly a drain (unless, of course, Indian diaspora around the world today are "draining" it). In some cases, the remittances would take the form of goods (as described) see Chaudhuri (1983):
It is obvious that these debit items were financed through the export surplus on merchandise account, and later, when railway construction started on a large scale in India, through capital import. Until 1833 the East India Company followed a cumbersome method in remitting the annual home charges. This was to purchase export commodities in India out of revenue, which were then shipped to London and the proceeds from their sale handed over to the home treasury.
While Roy's earlier point argues better paid officers governed better, it is honestly impossible to say what part of the repatriated export surplus was a drain, and what was not. However calling all of it a drain is definitely misguided.
It's worth noting that Patnaik seems to make no attempt to quantify the benefits of the Raj either, Dewey (2019)'s 2nd criticism:
she [Patnaik] consistently ignores research that would tend to cut the economic impact of the drain down to size, such as the work on the sources of investment during the industrial revolution (which shows that industrialisation was financed by the ploughed-back profits of industrialists) or the costs of empire school (which stresses the high price of imperial defence)

Since tropical goods were highly prized in other cold temperate countries which could never produce them, in effect these free goods represented international purchasing power for Britain which kept a part for its own use and re-exported the balance to other countries in Europe and North America against import of food grains, iron and other goods in which it was deficient.
Re-exports necessarily adds value to goods when the goods are processed and when the goods are transported. The country with the largest navy at the time would presumably be in very good stead to do the latter.
The British historians Phyllis Deane and WA Cole presented an incorrect estimate of Britain’s 18th-19th century trade volume, by leaving out re-exports completely. I found that by 1800 Britain’s total trade was 62% higher than their estimate, on applying the correct definition of trade including re-exports, that is used by the United Nations and by all other international organisations.
While interesting, and certainly expected for such an old book, re-exporting necessarily adds value to goods.
When the Crown took over from the Company, from 1861 a clever system was developed under which all of India’s financial gold and forex earnings from its fast-rising commodity export surplus with the world, was intercepted and appropriated by Britain. As before up to a third of India’s rising budgetary revenues was not spent domestically but was set aside as ‘expenditure abroad’.
So, what does this mean? Britain appropriated all of India's earnings, and then spent a third of it aboard? Not exactly. She is describing home charges see Roy (2019) again:
Some of the expenditures on defense and administration were made in sterling and went out of the country. This payment by the government was known as the Home Charges. For example, interest payment on loans raised to finance construction of railways and irrigation works, pensions paid to retired officers, and purchase of stores, were payments in sterling. [...] almost all money that the government paid abroad corresponded to the purchase of a service from abroad. [...] The balance of payments system that emerged after 1800 was based on standard business principles. India bought something and paid for it. State revenues were used to pay for wages of people hired abroad, pay for interest on loans raised abroad, and repatriation of profits on foreign investments coming into India. These were legitimate market transactions.
Indeed, if paying for what you buy is drain, then several billions of us are drained every day.
The Secretary of State for India in Council, based in London, invited foreign importers to deposit with him the payment (in gold, sterling and their own currencies) for their net imports from India, and these gold and forex payments disappeared into the yawning maw of the SoS’s account in the Bank of England.
It should be noted that India having two heads was beneficial, and encouraged investment per Roy (2019):
The fact that the India Office in London managed a part of the monetary system made India creditworthy, stabilized its currency, and encouraged foreign savers to put money into railways and private enterprise in India. Current research on the history of public debt shows that stable and large colonies found it easier to borrow abroad than independent economies because the investors trusted the guarantee of the colonist powers.

Against India’s net foreign earnings he issued bills, termed Council bills (CBs), to an equivalent rupee value. The rate (between gold-linked sterling and silver rupee) at which the bills were issued, was carefully adjusted to the last farthing, so that foreigners would never find it more profitable to ship financial gold as payment directly to Indians, compared to using the CB route. Foreign importers then sent the CBs by post or by telegraph to the export houses in India, that via the exchange banks were paid out of the budgeted provision of sums under ‘expenditure abroad’, and the exporters in turn paid the producers (peasants and artisans) from whom they sourced the goods.
Sunderland (2013) argues CBs had two main roles (and neither were part of a grand plot to keep gold out of India):
Council bills had two roles. They firstly promoted trade by handing the IO some control of the rate of exchange and allowing the exchange banks to remit funds to India and to hedge currency transaction risks. They also enabled the Indian government to transfer cash to England for the payment of its UK commitments.

The United Nations (1962) historical data for 1900 to 1960, show that for three decades up to 1928 (and very likely earlier too) India posted the second highest merchandise export surplus in the world, with USA in the first position. Not only were Indians deprived of every bit of the enormous international purchasing power they had earned over 175 years, even its rupee equivalent was not issued to them since not even the colonial government was credited with any part of India’s net gold and forex earnings against which it could issue rupees. The sleight-of-hand employed, namely ‘paying’ producers out of their own taxes, made India’s export surplus unrequited and constituted a tax-financed drain to the metropolis, as had been correctly pointed out by those highly insightful classical writers, Dadabhai Naoroji and RCDutt.
It doesn't appear that others appreciate their insight Roy (2019):
K. N. Chaudhuri rightly calls such practice ‘confused’ economics ‘coloured by political feelings’.

Surplus budgets to effect such heavy tax-financed transfers had a severe employment–reducing and income-deflating effect: mass consumption was squeezed in order to release export goods. Per capita annual foodgrains absorption in British India declined from 210 kg. during the period 1904-09, to 157 kg. during 1937-41, and to only 137 kg by 1946.
Dewey (1978) points out reliability issues with Indian agriculutural statistics, however this calorie decline persists to this day. Some of it is attributed to less food being consumed at home Smith (2015), a lower infectious disease burden Duh & Spears (2016) and diversified diets Vankatesh et al. (2016).
If even a part of its enormous foreign earnings had been credited to it and not entirely siphoned off, India could have imported modern technology to build up an industrial structure as Japan was doing.
This is, unfortunately, impossible to prove. Had the British not arrived in India, there is no clear indication that India would've united (this is arguably more plausible than the given counterfactual1). Had the British not arrived in India, there is no clear indication India would not have been nuked in WW2, much like Japan. Had the British not arrived in India, there is no clear indication India would not have been invaded by lizard people, much like Japan. The list continues eternally.
Nevertheless, I will charitably examine the given counterfactual anyway. Did pre-colonial India have industrial potential? The answer is a resounding no.
From Gupta (1980):
This article starts from the premise that while economic categories - the extent of commodity production, wage labour, monetarisation of the economy, etc - should be the basis for any analysis of the production relations of pre-British India, it is the nature of class struggles arising out of particular class alignments that finally gives the decisive twist to social change. Arguing on this premise, and analysing the available evidence, this article concludes that there was little potential for industrial revolution before the British arrived in India because, whatever might have been the character of economic categories of that period, the class relations had not sufficiently matured to develop productive forces and the required class struggle for a 'revolution' to take place.
A view echoed in Raychaudhuri (1983):
Yet all of this did not amount to an economic situation comparable to that of western Europe on the eve of the industrial revolution. Her technology - in agriculture as well as manufacturers - had by and large been stagnant for centuries. [...] The weakness of the Indian economy in the mid-eighteenth century, as compared to pre-industrial Europe was not simply a matter of technology and commercial and industrial organization. No scientific or geographical revolution formed part of the eighteenth-century Indian's historical experience. [...] Spontaneous movement towards industrialisation is unlikely in such a situation.
So now we've established India did not have industrial potential, was India similar to Japan just before the Meiji era? The answer, yet again, unsurprisingly, is no. Japan's economic situation was not comparable to India's, which allowed for Japan to finance its revolution. From Yasuba (1986):
All in all, the Japanese standard of living may not have been much below the English standard of living before industrialization, and both of them may have been considerably higher than the Indian standard of living. We can no longer say that Japan started from a pathetically low economic level and achieved a rapid or even "miraculous" economic growth. Japan's per capita income was almost as high as in Western Europe before industrialization, and it was possible for Japan to produce surplus in the Meiji Period to finance private and public capital formation.
The circumstances that led to Meiji Japan were extremely unique. See Tomlinson (1985):
Most modern comparisons between India and Japan, written by either Indianists or Japanese specialists, stress instead that industrial growth in Meiji Japan was the product of unique features that were not reproducible elsewhere. [...] it is undoubtably true that Japan's progress to industrialization has been unique and unrepeatable
So there you have it. Unsubstantiated statistical assumptions, calling any number you can a drain & assuming a counterfactual for no good reason gets you this $45 trillion number. Hopefully that's enough to bury it in the ground.
1. Several authors have affirmed that Indian identity is a colonial artefact. For example see Rajan 1969:
Perhaps the single greatest and most enduring impact of British rule over India is that it created an Indian nation, in the modern political sense. After centuries of rule by different dynasties overparts of the Indian sub-continent, and after about 100 years of British rule, Indians ceased to be merely Bengalis, Maharashtrians,or Tamils, linguistically and culturally.
or see Bryant 2000:
But then, it would be anachronistic to condemn eighteenth-century Indians, who served the British, as collaborators, when the notion of 'democratic' nationalism or of an Indian 'nation' did not then exist. [...] Indians who fought for them, differed from the Europeans in having a primary attachment to a non-belligerent religion, family and local chief, which was stronger than any identity they might have with a more remote prince or 'nation'.

Bibliography

Chakrabarti, Shubra & Patnaik, Utsa (2018). Agrarian and other histories: Essays for Binay Bhushan Chaudhuri. Colombia University Press
Hickel, Jason (2018). How the British stole $45 trillion from India. The Guardian
Bhuyan, Aroonim & Sharma, Krishan (2019). The Great Loot: How the British stole $45 trillion from India. Indiapost
Monbiot, George (2020). English Landowners have stolen our rights. It is time to reclaim them. The Guardian
Tsjeng, Zing (2020). How Britain Stole $45 trillion from India with trains | Empires of Dirt. Vice
Chaudhury, Dipanjan (2019). British looted $45 trillion from India in today’s value: Jaishankar. The Economic Times
Roy, Tirthankar (2019). How British rule changed India's economy: The Paradox of the Raj. Palgrave Macmillan
Patnaik, Utsa (2018). How the British impoverished India. Hindustan Times
Tuovila, Alicia (2019). Expenditure method. Investopedia
Dewey, Clive (2019). Changing the guard: The dissolution of the nationalist–Marxist orthodoxy in the agrarian and agricultural history of India. The Indian Economic & Social History Review
Chandra, Bipan et al. (1989). India's Struggle for Independence, 1857-1947. Penguin Books
Frankema, Ewout & Booth, Anne (2019). Fiscal Capacity and the Colonial State in Asia and Africa, c. 1850-1960. Cambridge University Press
Dalal, Sucheta (2019). IL&FS Controversy: Centre is Paying Up on Sovereign Guarantees to ADB, KfW for Group's Loan. TheWire
Chaudhuri, K.N. (1983). X - Foreign Trade and Balance of Payments (1757–1947). Cambridge University Press
Sunderland, David (2013). Financing the Raj: The City of London and Colonial India, 1858-1940. Boydell Press
Dewey, Clive (1978). Patwari and Chaukidar: Subordinate officials and the reliability of India’s agricultural statistics. Athlone Press
Smith, Lisa (2015). The great Indian calorie debate: Explaining rising undernourishment during India’s rapid economic growth. Food Policy
Duh, Josephine & Spears, Dean (2016). Health and Hunger: Disease, Energy Needs, and the Indian Calorie Consumption Puzzle. The Economic Journal
Vankatesh, P. et al. (2016). Relationship between Food Production and Consumption Diversity in India – Empirical Evidences from Cross Section Analysis. Agricultural Economics Research Review
Gupta, Shaibal (1980). Potential of Industrial Revolution in Pre-British India. Economic and Political Weekly
Raychaudhuri, Tapan (1983). I - The mid-eighteenth-century background. Cambridge University Press
Yasuba, Yasukichi (1986). Standard of Living in Japan Before Industrialization: From what Level did Japan Begin? A Comment. The Journal of Economic History
Tomblinson, B.R. (1985). Writing History Sideways: Lessons for Indian Economic Historians from Meiji Japan. Cambridge University Press
Rajan, M.S. (1969). The Impact of British Rule in India. Journal of Contemporary History
Bryant, G.J. (2000). Indigenous Mercenaries in the Service of European Imperialists: The Case of the Sepoys in the Early British Indian Army, 1750-1800. War in History
submitted by GaslightEveryone to u/GaslightEveryone [link] [comments]

What is the error in the code below?

select '','','','','','','',c.loginid,'CO' as T,'Customer Order' AS TYPE,c.LocationCode ,
c.DocNo,c.DocDate,c.PaidAmount , sum(cn.adjustedamount) adv, 0 billcncl, 0 cash, 0 cc, 0 Cheque, 0 cnintbtq, 0 G,
0 gh, 0 grn, 0 GV, 0 T, 0 EMPLOAN,0 Airpay, 0 CB,0 QC, 0 DDAMT, 0 FOREX, 0 AP, 0 VA, 0 TLP, 0 ESD, 0 RO,
0 tcscollected,0 residualvaluerefund,0 ECSTechProcess, 0 CN ,0 As Encircle
from customerorders c ,
(select distinct custorddocno ,custordfiscalyear ,locationcode,RefCrNoteDocNo ,RefCrNoteFiscalYear from custordcrnotedetail) cc ,

creditnote cn where
 cc.RefCrNoteDocNo =cn.DocNo and cc.LocationCode=cn.LocationCode and cc.RefCrNoteFiscalYear =cn.FiscalYear 
and cn.CreditNoteType='Advance' and (cn.refdoctype='CO' or cn.RefDocType='advbook')
and not exists
(select 1 from PaymentTable pd where pd.LocationCode=c.LocationCode and
pd.RefDocNo=c.docno and pd.RefFiscalyear =c.FiscalYear and DocType='CO' and pd.PaymentCode<>'cn')
and cn.OriginalCNDocNo !=0 and cn.OriginalCNFiscalYear !=0
group by c.loginid,c.LocationCode ,c.DocNo,c.DocDate,c.PaidAmount,cn.creditnotetype,cn.RefDocType )a

inner join locationmaster lm on lm.locationcode=a.locationcode where A.DOCDATE BETWEEN '01-apr-2018'
and '01-apr-2018'

group by a.LoginID,a.t,a.type,a.LocationCode,a.docno,a.docdate,a.PaidAmount

I get the error that " incorrect syntax near ')'
submitted by aksh0312 to SQLServer [link] [comments]

The Next Crypto Wave: The Rise of Stablecoins and its Entry to the U.S. Dollar Market

The Next Crypto Wave: The Rise of Stablecoins and its Entry to the U.S. Dollar Market

Author: Christian Hsieh, CEO of Tokenomy
This paper examines some explanations for the continual global market demand for the U.S. dollar, the rise of stablecoins, and the utility and opportunities that crypto dollars can offer to both the cryptocurrency and traditional markets.
The U.S. dollar, dominant in world trade since the establishment of the 1944 Bretton Woods System, is unequivocally the world’s most demanded reserve currency. Today, more than 61% of foreign bank reserves and nearly 40% of the entire world’s debt is denominated in U.S. dollars1.
However, there is a massive supply and demand imbalance in the U.S. dollar market. On the supply side, central banks throughout the world have implemented more than a decade-long accommodative monetary policy since the 2008 global financial crisis. The COVID-19 pandemic further exacerbated the need for central banks to provide necessary liquidity and keep staggering economies moving. While the Federal Reserve leads the effort of “money printing” and stimulus programs, the current money supply still cannot meet the constant high demand for the U.S. dollar2. Let us review some of the reasons for this constant dollar demand from a few economic fundamentals.

Demand for U.S. Dollars

Firstly, most of the world’s trade is denominated in U.S. dollars. Chief Economist of the IMF, Gita Gopinath, has compiled data reflecting that the U.S. dollar’s share of invoicing was 4.7 times larger than America’s share of the value of imports, and 3.1 times its share of world exports3. The U.S. dollar is the dominant “invoicing currency” in most developing countries4.

https://preview.redd.it/d4xalwdyz8p51.png?width=535&format=png&auto=webp&s=9f0556c6aa6b29016c9b135f3279e8337dfee2a6

https://preview.redd.it/wucg40kzz8p51.png?width=653&format=png&auto=webp&s=71257fec29b43e0fc0df1bf04363717e3b52478f
This U.S. dollar preference also directly impacts the world’s debt. According to the Bank of International Settlements, there is over $67 trillion in U.S. dollar denominated debt globally, and borrowing outside of the U.S. accounted for $12.5 trillion in Q1 20205. There is an immense demand for U.S. dollars every year just to service these dollar debts. The annual U.S. dollar buying demand is easily over $1 trillion assuming the borrowing cost is at 1.5% (1 year LIBOR + 1%) per year, a conservative estimate.

https://preview.redd.it/6956j6f109p51.png?width=487&format=png&auto=webp&s=ccea257a4e9524c11df25737cac961308b542b69
Secondly, since the U.S. has a much stronger economy compared to its global peers, a higher return on investments draws U.S. dollar demand from everywhere in the world, to invest in companies both in the public and private markets. The U.S. hosts the largest stock markets in the world with more than $33 trillion in public market capitalization (combined both NYSE and NASDAQ)6. For the private market, North America’s total share is well over 60% of the $6.5 trillion global assets under management across private equity, real assets, and private debt investments7. The demand for higher quality investments extends to the fixed income market as well. As countries like Japan and Switzerland currently have negative-yielding interest rates8, fixed income investors’ quest for yield in the developed economies leads them back to the U.S. debt market. As of July 2020, there are $15 trillion worth of negative-yielding debt securities globally (see chart). In comparison, the positive, low-yielding U.S. debt remains a sound fixed income strategy for conservative investors in uncertain market conditions.

Source: Bloomberg
Last, but not least, there are many developing economies experiencing failing monetary policies, where hyperinflation has become a real national disaster. A classic example is Venezuela, where the currency Bolivar became practically worthless as the inflation rate skyrocketed to 10,000,000% in 20199. The recent Beirut port explosion in Lebanon caused a sudden economic meltdown and compounded its already troubled financial market, where inflation has soared to over 112% year on year10. For citizens living in unstable regions such as these, the only reliable store of value is the U.S. dollar. According to the Chainalysis 2020 Geography of Cryptocurrency Report, Venezuela has become one of the most active cryptocurrency trading countries11. The demand for cryptocurrency surges as a flight to safety mentality drives Venezuelans to acquire U.S. dollars to preserve savings that they might otherwise lose. The growth for cryptocurrency activities in those regions is fueled by these desperate citizens using cryptocurrencies as rails to access the U.S. dollar, on top of acquiring actual Bitcoin or other underlying crypto assets.

The Rise of Crypto Dollars

Due to the highly volatile nature of cryptocurrencies, USD stablecoin, a crypto-powered blockchain token that pegs its value to the U.S. dollar, was introduced to provide stable dollar exposure in the crypto trading sphere. Tether is the first of its kind. Issued in 2014 on the bitcoin blockchain (Omni layer protocol), under the token symbol USDT, it attempts to provide crypto traders with a stable settlement currency while they trade in and out of various crypto assets. The reason behind the stablecoin creation was to address the inefficient and burdensome aspects of having to move fiat U.S. dollars between the legacy banking system and crypto exchanges. Because one USDT is theoretically backed by one U.S. dollar, traders can use USDT to trade and settle to fiat dollars. It was not until 2017 that the majority of traders seemed to realize Tether’s intended utility and started using it widely. As of April 2019, USDT trading volume started exceeding the trading volume of bitcoina12, and it now dominates the crypto trading sphere with over $50 billion average daily trading volume13.

https://preview.redd.it/3vq7v1jg09p51.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=46f11b5f5245a8c335ccc60432873e9bad2eb1e1
An interesting aspect of USDT is that although the claimed 1:1 backing with U.S. dollar collateral is in question, and the Tether company is in reality running fractional reserves through a loose offshore corporate structure, Tether’s trading volume and adoption continues to grow rapidly14. Perhaps in comparison to fiat U.S. dollars, which is not really backed by anything, Tether still has cash equivalents in reserves and crypto traders favor its liquidity and convenience over its lack of legitimacy. For those who are concerned about Tether’s solvency, they can now purchase credit default swaps for downside protection15. On the other hand, USDC, the more compliant contender, takes a distant second spot with total coin circulation of $1.8 billion, versus USDT at $14.5 billion (at the time of publication). It is still too early to tell who is the ultimate leader in the stablecoin arena, as more and more stablecoins are launching to offer various functions and supporting mechanisms. There are three main categories of stablecoin: fiat-backed, crypto-collateralized, and non-collateralized algorithm based stablecoins. Most of these are still at an experimental phase, and readers can learn more about them here. With the continuous innovation of stablecoin development, the utility stablecoins provide in the overall crypto market will become more apparent.

Institutional Developments

In addition to trade settlement, stablecoins can be applied in many other areas. Cross-border payments and remittances is an inefficient market that desperately needs innovation. In 2020, the average cost of sending money across the world is around 7%16, and it takes days to settle. The World Bank aims to reduce remittance fees to 3% by 2030. With the implementation of blockchain technology, this cost could be further reduced close to zero.
J.P. Morgan, the largest bank in the U.S., has created an Interbank Information Network (IIN) with 416 global Institutions to transform the speed of payment flows through its own JPM Coin, another type of crypto dollar17. Although people argue that JPM Coin is not considered a cryptocurrency as it cannot trade openly on a public blockchain, it is by far the largest scale experiment with all the institutional participants trading within the “permissioned” blockchain. It might be more accurate to refer to it as the use of distributed ledger technology (DLT) instead of “blockchain” in this context. Nevertheless, we should keep in mind that as J.P. Morgan currently moves $6 trillion U.S. dollars per day18, the scale of this experiment would create a considerable impact in the international payment and remittance market if it were successful. Potentially the day will come when regulated crypto exchanges become participants of IIN, and the link between public and private crypto assets can be instantly connected, unlocking greater possibilities in blockchain applications.
Many central banks are also in talks about developing their own central bank digital currency (CBDC). Although this idea was not new, the discussion was brought to the forefront due to Facebook’s aggressive Libra project announcement in June 2019 and the public attention that followed. As of July 2020, at least 36 central banks have published some sort of CBDC framework. While each nation has a slightly different motivation behind its currency digitization initiative, ranging from payment safety, transaction efficiency, easy monetary implementation, or financial inclusion, these central banks are committed to deploying a new digital payment infrastructure. When it comes to the technical architectures, research from BIS indicates that most of the current proofs-of-concept tend to be based upon distributed ledger technology (permissioned blockchain)19.

https://preview.redd.it/lgb1f2rw19p51.png?width=700&format=png&auto=webp&s=040bb0deed0499df6bf08a072fd7c4a442a826a0
These institutional experiments are laying an essential foundation for an improved global payment infrastructure, where instant and frictionless cross-border settlements can take place with minimal costs. Of course, the interoperability of private DLT tokens and public blockchain stablecoins has yet to be explored, but the innovation with both public and private blockchain efforts could eventually merge. This was highlighted recently by the Governor of the Bank of England who stated that “stablecoins and CBDC could sit alongside each other20”. One thing for certain is that crypto dollars (or other fiat-linked digital currencies) are going to play a significant role in our future economy.

Future Opportunities

There is never a dull moment in the crypto sector. The industry narratives constantly shift as innovation continues to evolve. Twelve years since its inception, Bitcoin has evolved from an abstract subject to a familiar concept. Its role as a secured, scarce, decentralized digital store of value has continued to gain acceptance, and it is well on its way to becoming an investable asset class as a portfolio hedge against asset price inflation and fiat currency depreciation. Stablecoins have proven to be useful as proxy dollars in the crypto world, similar to how dollars are essential in the traditional world. It is only a matter of time before stablecoins or private digital tokens dominate the cross-border payments and global remittances industry.
There are no shortages of hypes and experiments that draw new participants into the crypto space, such as smart contracts, new blockchains, ICOs, tokenization of things, or the most recent trends on DeFi tokens. These projects highlight the possibilities for a much more robust digital future, but the market also needs time to test and adopt. A reliable digital payment infrastructure must be built first in order to allow these experiments to flourish.
In this paper we examined the historical background and economic reasons for the U.S. dollar’s dominance in the world, and the probable conclusion is that the demand for U.S. dollars will likely continue, especially in the middle of a global pandemic, accompanied by a worldwide economic slowdown. The current monetary system is far from perfect, but there are no better alternatives for replacement at least in the near term. Incremental improvements are being made in both the public and private sectors, and stablecoins have a definite role to play in both the traditional and the new crypto world.
Thank you.

Reference:
[1] How the US dollar became the world’s reserve currency, Investopedia
[2] The dollar is in high demand, prone to dangerous appreciation, The Economist
[3] Dollar dominance in trade and finance, Gita Gopinath
[4] Global trades dependence on dollars, The Economist & IMF working papers
[5] Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination, BIS
[6] Biggest stock exchanges in the world, Business Insider
[7] McKinsey Global Private Market Review 2020, McKinsey & Company
[8] Central banks current interest rates, Global Rates
[9] Venezuela hyperinflation hits 10 million percent, CNBC
[10] Lebanon inflation crisis, Reuters
[11] Venezuela cryptocurrency market, Chainalysis
[12] The most used cryptocurrency isn’t Bitcoin, Bloomberg
[13] Trading volume of all crypto assets, coinmarketcap.com
[14] Tether US dollar peg is no longer credible, Forbes
[15] New crypto derivatives let you bet on (or against) Tether’s solvency, Coindesk
[16] Remittance Price Worldwide, The World Bank
[17] Interbank Information Network, J.P. Morgan
[18] Jamie Dimon interview, CBS News
[19] Rise of the central bank digital currency, BIS
[20] Speech by Andrew Bailey, 3 September 2020, Bank of England
submitted by Tokenomy to tokenomyofficial [link] [comments]

RBA is one of the most awesomely open CBs on their Forex policy

RBA is one of the most awesomely open CBs on their Forex policy submitted by PostNationalism to economy [link] [comments]

RBA is one of the most awesomely open CBs on their Forex policy

submitted by HumbleDebugger to Economics [link] [comments]

MAME 0.215

MAME 0.215

A wild MAME 0.215 appears! Yes, another month has gone by, and it’s time to check out what’s new. On the arcade side, Taito’s incredibly rare 4-screen top-down racer Super Dead Heat is now playable! Joining its ranks are other rarities, such as the European release of Capcom‘s 19XX: The War Against Destiny, and a bootleg of Jaleco’s P-47 – The Freedom Fighter using a different sound system. We’ve got three newly supported Game & Watch titles: Lion, Manhole, and Spitball Sparky, as well as the crystal screen version of Super Mario Bros. Two new JAKKS Pacific TV games, Capcom 3-in-1 and Disney Princesses, have also been added.
Other improvements include several more protection microcontrollers dumped and emulated, the NCR Decision Mate V working (now including hard disk controllers), graphics fixes for the 68k-based SNK and Alpha Denshi games, and some graphical updates to the Super A'Can driver.
We’ve updated bgfx, adding preliminary Vulkan support. There are some issues we’re aware of, so if you run into issues, check our GitHub issues page to see if it’s already known, and report it if it isn’t. We’ve also improved support for building and running on Linux systems without X11.
You can get the source and Windows binary packages from the download page.

MAMETesters Bugs Fixed

New working machines

New working clones

Machines promoted to working

New machines marked as NOT_WORKING

New clones marked as NOT_WORKING

New working software list additions

Software list items promoted to working

New NOT_WORKING software list additions

Source Changes

submitted by cuavas to emulation [link] [comments]

Deals of Picked Box 2020 PT-4

You can discover all coupons on this page directly: https://pickedbox.com/home/all-stores/
There are thousands of coupon codes here. All popular and unpopular brands have promo & discount coupons there.
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/40-off-rock-hard-formula-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-ron-williams-racing-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-royal-numerology-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-ryan-shed-plans-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/50-off-salehoo-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-save-the-marriage-system-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-save-the-marriage-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-sciatica-sos-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-secret-death-touches-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-secret-survey-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-secret-yellow-spice-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-seven-minute-mindfulness-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-shockwave-torch-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-simple-keto-test-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-simple-senior-swing-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-smart-power4all-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-smart-solar-box-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-solucion-diabetes-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-solucion-diabetes-ya-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-specforce-abs-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-sqribble-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-starting-from-zero-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-stop-fat-storage-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-stop-snoring-exercise-program-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-strikelight-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-stroke-of-genius-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/120-off-super-affiliate-system-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/40-off-superior-singing-method-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-survival-frog-unlimited-access-lock-pick-set-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-survival-frog-tesla-lighter-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/15-off-survival-frog-tact-bivvy-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-survival-frog-survival-neck-knife-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-survival-frog-pocket-light-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-survival-frog-pen-knife-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-survival-frog-luci-solar-air-lantern-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-survival-frog-6-in-1-car-charger-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-survival-frog-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/19-off-survival-life-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/e20-off-systeme-delivrance-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-systeme-minceur-neuronal-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-tactical-strikepen-black-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-take-surveys-for-cash-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-targeted-fat-loss-training-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/40-off-teds-woodworking-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-tesla-code-secret-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-text-chemistry-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-text-the-romance-back-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-text-your-ex-back-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-the-20-second-testosterone-trick-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/50-off-the-2x-velocity-program-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/15-off-the-alternative-daily-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/60-off-the-art-of-goal-achieving-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-arthritis-step-by-step-strategy-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-the-back-pain-breakthrough-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-backyard-miracle-farm-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-the-beta-switch-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-the-bonding-stages-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-the-candlestick-trading-bible-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-cb-cash-code-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-desire-system-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-devotion-system-by-amy-north-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-diabetes-breakthrough-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-ex-factor-guide-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/80-off-the-fat-burning-kitchen-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-favorite-food-diet-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/35-off-the-football-predictor-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/5-off-the-freedom-box-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-the-guy-magnet-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-the-guy-magnet-system-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/e5-off-the-horse-race-predictor-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-lost-ways-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-lost-ways-2-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-manifestation-millionaire-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-neuropathy-solution-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-overnight-millionaire-system-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-oxidized-cholesterol-strategy-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-the-paleohacks-cookbook-coupon-code-2/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/40-off-the-skinny-fat-solution-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-the-smoothie-diet-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-stop-snoring-and-sleep-apnea-program-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-tao-of-bad-ass-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-tao-of-badass-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-tmj-solution-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-truth-about-the-ketogenic-diet-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/22-off-the-ultimate-energizer-guide-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-ultimate-pull-up-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/15-off-the-underground-fat-loss-manual-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-vertigo-and-dizziness-program-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-the-wealth-compass-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-the-woman-men-adore-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-thumbnail-blaster-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-tmj-no-more-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-total-money-magnetism-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/9e-off-toutsurles-abdos-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-traffic-auto-bot-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-traffic-bots-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-traffic-multiplier-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/90-off-trend-mystery-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-tret-training-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-trick-photography-book-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-truth-about-abs-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-truth-about-cellulite-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-turmeric-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-make-him-desire-you-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-make-him-sure-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-make-small-talk-sexy-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-manic-migraine-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-manifestacion-de-15-minutos-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-manifestacion-magica-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-manifestation-magic-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-manifestation-miracle-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/40-off-masszymes-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/60-off-master-mentalism-coupon-code-2/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-maxs-woodworking-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-meet-your-sweet-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-meet-your-sweet-why-men-pull-away-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-meet-your-sweet-2nd-chance-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-meet-your-sweet-conversation-chemistry-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/50-off-membership-method-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-mend-the-marriage-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-mesmerizing-phrases-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/9-off-metabolic-cooking-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-migraine-and-headache-program-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-million-dollar-replicator-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/40-off-millionaire-society-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-mince-au-reveil-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/50-off-mindbody-matrix-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-morning-fat-melter-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-muscle-imbalances-revealed-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-my-back-pain-coach-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-my-bikini-belly-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-my-cellulite-solution-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-my-shed-plans-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-nanotowels-coupon-code-2/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-natural-synergy-cure-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-new-alpha-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-numerologist-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/40-off-obsession-method-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-obsession-phrases-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-okinawa-flat-belly-tonic-coupon-code-2/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/65-off-old-school-new-body-coupon-code-2/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-over-40-absolution-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-over-40-hormone-reset-diet-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-paid-online-writing-jobs-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/15-off-paid-social-media-jobs-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-paleo-recipe-team-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-pe-bible-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-penis-enlargement-remedy-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-pianoforall-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-power-efficiency-guide-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-power-of-hormones-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/65-off-power-quadrant-system-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-precision-movement-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-pregnancy-miracle-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-premium-archetypal-analysis-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-private-cash-sites-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/19-off-pro-race-consultants-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-profit-genesis-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-profit-genesis-2-0-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-profit-genesis-reloaded-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-profit-injector-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/40-off-profit-maximiser-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-psoriasis-revolution-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-pull-your-ex-back-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-pure-reiki-healing-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-pure-reiki-healing-mastery-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-quantum-manifestation-code-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/60-off-reading-head-start-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-real-web-property-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-realwebproperty-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-red-tea-detox-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/5-off-free-reiki-energy-bracelet-coupon-code-2/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-relationship-rewrite-method-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-restauracion-de-baterias-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-realweb-property-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/40-off-resurge-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/40-off-revive-her-drive-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-revolutionary-sex-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-revsex-vsl-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-faith-diet-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-family-self-defence-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-fast-cash-club-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-fat-burning-fingerprint-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-fat-decimator-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-fat-decimator-system-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-fat-shredder-kickboxing-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-fatshredder-kickboxing-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-fatty-liver-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-fatty-liver-remedy-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-fave-food-diet-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-feel-good-knees-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-fibroids-miracle-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-five-minute-profit-sites-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-flat-belly-fix-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-okinawa-flat-belly-tonic-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-forever-yours-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-forex-duality-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-forex-trendy-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/5-off-forward-head-posture-fix-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/5-off-free-reiki-energy-bracelet-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-freedom-particle-system-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-freestylerap-lpages-co-coupon-code-2/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/40-off-freight-broker-boot-camp-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-fut-millionaire-fifa-20-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/40-off-gold-opinions-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-guilt-free-desserts-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-halki-diabetes-remedy-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-hes-not-that-complicated-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-heal-kidney-disease-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-heartburn-no-more-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-hemorrhoid-no-more-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-high-blood-pressure-program-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-his-secret-obsession-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-hooponopono-certification-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-hook-your-ex-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/e9-off-horizon-bien-etre-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-hormone-wellness-group-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-how-do-i-get-him-back-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-how-to-diy-aquaponics-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-how-to-kiss-a-man-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-hyperbolic-stretching-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-hypnosis-certified-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-idplr-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/120-off-imjetset-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-individualogist-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-individualogist-natal-chart-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-infatuation-scripts-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/80-off-inflammation-erased-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-inner-profit-circle-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-instant-manifestation-secrets-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/5-off-isometrics-mass-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-jacks-bj-lessons-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-joanas-world-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-joe-vitale-certified-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/5-off-jon-sinn-coaching-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-juicing-for-your-manhood-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-ketogenic-accelerator-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-kindle-money-mastery-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-kissing-magic-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/e9-off-la-cuisine-bruleuse-de-graisses-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-la-dieta-de-2-semanas-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/10-off-la-revolution-minceur-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/35-off-language-of-desire-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-laserless-tattoo-removal-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/e9-off-le-secret-de-lhuile-de-coco-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-lean-belly-breakthrough-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-learn-piano-in-30-days-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-legendary-enlargement-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-leptitox-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-long-tail-pro-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-lost-book-of-remedies-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-love-commands-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-lovetraction-lines-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/20-off-lurn-summit-coupon-code/
https://pickedbox.com/clickbank/30-off-magnetic-messaging-coupon-code/
submitted by coupon-codes-2020 to u/coupon-codes-2020 [link] [comments]

Fundamentals for intraday trading

Whatsup Forex,
Thanks to u/cryptochihuahua and u/ParralaxFX, I've started working on building a macro economic model to assist with my trading.
I've started the IMF course which is already fantastic, but it did raise some questions for me.
Most of the topics they cover all seem to talk to a timeframe of at least a few months, all the way to years. How do I use this information for intraday trading?
I know fundamentals assist with understanding where the CBs are pushing a currency, but generally for intraday trading it doesn't hold nearly as much value (in my opinion) because I'm taking small bites of an extremely large pie.
Cheers in advance!
submitted by Phluxxed to Forex [link] [comments]

MAME 0.215

MAME 0.215

A wild MAME 0.215 appears! Yes, another month has gone by, and it’s time to check out what’s new. On the arcade side, Taito’s incredibly rare 4-screen top-down racer Super Dead Heat is now playable! Joining its ranks are other rarities, such as the European release of Capcom‘s 19XX: The War Against Destiny, and a bootleg of Jaleco’s P-47 – The Freedom Fighter using a different sound system. We’ve got three newly supported Game & Watch titles: Lion, Manhole, and Spitball Sparky, as well as the crystal screen version of Super Mario Bros. Two new JAKKS Pacific TV games, Capcom 3-in-1 and Disney Princesses, have also been added.
Other improvements include several more protection microcontrollers dumped and emulated, the NCR Decision Mate V working (now including hard disk controllers), graphics fixes for the 68k-based SNK and Alpha Denshi games, and some graphical updates to the Super A'Can driver.
We’ve updated bgfx, adding preliminary Vulkan support. There are some issues we’re aware of, so if you run into issues, check our GitHub issues page to see if it’s already known, and report it if it isn’t. We’ve also improved support for building and running on Linux systems without X11.
You can get the source and Windows binary packages from the download page.

MAMETesters Bugs Fixed

New working machines

New working clones

Machines promoted to working

New machines marked as NOT_WORKING

New clones marked as NOT_WORKING

New working software list additions

Software list items promoted to working

New NOT_WORKING software list additions

Source Changes

submitted by cuavas to MAME [link] [comments]

موقع يعرض كل اخبار الرياضة محليا وعالميا


1-
http://www.wsouq.com/vb/showthread.php?51896-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7&p=92609#post92609
2-
http://www.klemaatt.com/vb/t81051/#post268921
3-
http://www.saudienglish.net/vb/showthread.php?t=166700&p=1934448#post1934448
4-
https://saudi-ar.net/forums/threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.4765/
5-
https://www.gmiza.com/eg/threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.81970/
6-
http://www.forex-makers.com/threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.60342/
7-
http://makeenat.com/vb/showthread.php?765329-%E3%E6%DE%DA-%ED%DA%D1%D6-%DF%E1-%C7%CE%C8%C7%D1-%C7%E1%D1%ED%C7%D6%C9-%E3%CD%E1%ED%C7-%E6%DA%C7%E1%E3%ED%C7
8-
http://www.enjaztech.com/vb/showthread.php?187642-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7&p=385162#post385162
9-
https://www.shababbfkrgdeed.com/forum/showthread.php/73599-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7?p=79142#post79142
10-
http://www.homekw.com/bet/showthread.php?t=550784&p=721409#post721409
11-
https://www.mesa7a.com/threads/142861-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7?p=429950#post429950
12-
http://www.algazalischool.com/vb/showthread.php?111947-%E3%E6%DE%DA-%ED%DA%D1%D6-%DF%E1-%C7%CE%C8%C7%D1-%C7%E1%D1%ED%C7%D6%C9-%E3%CD%E1%ED%C7-%E6%DA%C7%E1%E3%ED%C7&p=584749#post584749
13-
https://omn.li/co/threads/35474/
14-
http://www.q8-one.com/vb/showthread.php?p=659856#post659856
15-
http://www.syriatalk.info/forum/threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.898/
16-
http://hello-7abeby.com/forums/threads/1110-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7?p=1196#post1196
17-
http://forum.7ail.net/threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.113309/
18-
https://www.rise.company/forum/threads/55454-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7?p=86075#post86075
19-
http://www.alhejaz.net/vb/t173712/#post713051
20-
http://www.aloouud.com/vb/showthread.php?p=928673#post928673
21-
http://www.alqsid.com/vb/forum/%C3%A2%E2%80%9E%C2%A2%D8%A2%C2%AE%D8%A2%C2%BB-%D8%B7%C2%B1%D8%B8%CB%86%D8%B7%C2%AD-%D8%B7%C2%A7%D8%B8%E2%80%9E%D8%B8%D9%BE%D8%B7%C2%B5%D8%B8%D9%B9%D8%B7%C2%AD-%D8%A2%C2%AB%D8%A2%C2%AE%D8%A2%C2%B0%C3%A2%E2%80%9E%C2%A2/%D8%B7%C2%AB%D8%B8%DA%98%D8%B7%C2%B1%D8%B8%E2%80%99%D8%B7%C2%AB%D8%B7%C2%B1%D8%B8%DA%98%D8%B7%C2%A9-%D8%B7%C2%A7%D8%B8%E2%80%9E%D8%B7%C2%B5%D8%B8%E2%80%98%D8%B8%E2%80%A6%D8%B8%E2%80%99%D8%B7%DA%BE/88561-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7
22-
http://www.aswaqasir.com/vb/t44322.html
23-
http://souq.al3rod.com/threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.22379/
24-
http://www.3-6r.com/vb/showthread.php/674243-%E3%E6%DE%DA-%ED%DA%D1%D6-%DF%E1-%C7%CE%C8%C7%D1-%C7%E1%D1%ED%C7%D6%C9-%E3%CD%E1%ED%C7-%E6%DA%C7%E1%E3%ED%C7?p=1198358#post1198358
25-
http://www.alw-ed.com/vb/showthread.php?p=713768#post713768
26-
http://www.almamlkh.net/vb/showthread.php?p=1890953#post1890953
27-
http://www.t3llam.com/pbboard/index.php?page=topic&show=1&id=32601
28-
http://www.beetco.com/vb/showthread.php?t=29375&p=186564#post186564
29-
http://raghdan.org/vb/forum/main-forum/89943-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7
30-
http://www.el-rais.com/Thread-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7
31-
http://www.soqdirect.com/soqdirect57371#post87249
32-
https://supsat.net/threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.23366/
33-
http://www.qatifone.net/vb/qatifone17323/#post159698
34-
http://www.art.gov.sa/t20217.html#post158440
35-
http://forum.alphantom.com/index.php?threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.20304/
36-
http://forum.esioman.com/t3360
37-
http://murmasan.ev1el.com/t384
38-
http://www.attaqs.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1250805#post1250805
39-
http://educarb.com/index.php?/topic/24530-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7/
40-
http://www.arabmoheet.net/aspnetforum/amf/8f36876c-3093-4189-ad0f-be3f92112bd2.aspx
41-
http://www.y222m.com/threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.14130/
42-
http://travel.alsahhab.com/threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.10550/
43-
https://www.ibda3araby.com/t158995-topic#1710295
44-
http://www.asir.me/showthread.php?p=3344015#post3344015
45-
https://www.r111r.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1077111#post1077111
46-
http://www.vb.banaat.com/showthread.php?p=3259883#post3259883
47-
http://www.ameeera.com/vb/showthread.php?t=48303
48-
http://www.mjabel.com/vb/showthread.php?p=659926#post659926
49-
http://www.bro4ever.com/showthread.php?213041-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7&p=381535#post381535
50-
https://www.omaniaa.co/showthread.php?t=165833&p=3230457#post3230457
51-
http://bahrain2day.com/forums/index.php?/topic/648535-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7/
52-
https://www.3raq4all.com/vb/showthread.php?t=359091&p=848709#post848709
53-
http://www.mazikaat.eb2a.com/forums/showthread.php?tid=11552
54-
https://www.e3lan.in/vb/showthread.php?t=462991&p=466434#post466434
55-
http://www.alfaiha.net/vip/showthread.php?t=189839&p=3086841#post3086841
56-
http://sudanson.com/vb/showthread.php?390479-%E3%E6%DE%DA-%ED%DA%D1%D6-%DF%E1-%C7%CE%C8%C7%D1-%C7%E1%D1%ED%C7%D6%C9-%E3%CD%E1%ED%C7-%E6%DA%C7%E1%E3%ED%C7&p=1245162#post1245162
57-
http://chaatoman.com/vb/showthread.php?t=87169&p=404437#post404437
58-
http://kuwaiteya.com/vb/threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.209280/
59-
https://dnanir.net/t2363224/#post2661004
60-
https://www.iraqi.ch/forum/index.php?threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.24334/
61-
https://darahem.net/t304876/#post529130
62-
http://halauob.com/vb/showthread.php?tid=120128
63-
http://www.study4uae.com/vb/showthread.php?t=228950&p=1640255#post1640255
64-
http://forums.svalu.com/threads/199276/
65-
https://w3.s-oman.net/forum/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%82%D8%B3%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%A9/%D8%B3%D9%88%D9%82-%D8%B3%D8%A8%D9%84%D8%A9-%D8%B9%D9%8F%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86/%D8%B3%D9%88%D9%82-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%AF%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%AA/%D8%B3%D9%88%D9%82-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AE%D8%AF%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D8%AE%D8%B1%D9%89/308150-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7
66-
http://sh33s.com/vb/t475946.html#post508125
67-
http://ita7a.net/vb/showthread.php?p=4110#post4110
68-
http://lo2loa.net/showthread.php?t=34210
69-
http://elsaey.com/t29334.html
70-
http://www.romancemoon.net/showthread.php?p=1636148#post1636148
71-
http://vb.tanseerel.com/showthread.php?p=100491#post100491
72-
http://www.menalmuheetlelkhaleej.com/showthread.php?p=838807#post838807
73-
http://ssspa.org.sa/vb/showthread.php?p=5882919#post5882919
74-
http://www.noorfatema.top/vb/showthread.php?p=1006665#post1006665
75-
http://www.rghamh.com/showthread.php?p=257209#post257209
76-
https://day4men.com/showthread.php?p=121846#post121846
77-
http://www.amal-alqahtani.com/vb/t28619.html#post31650
78-
http://vb.ita7a.net/showthread.php?p=4109#post4109
79-
http://www.a8rp.com/vb/showthread.php?p=76016#post76016
80-
http://www.eyoonk.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1979610#post1979610
81-
http://tunews.eb2a.com/showthread.php?p=190565#post190565
82-
http://www.freightclub.net/vb/t257060/#post260201
83-
http://www.aqarchance.com/showthread.php?p=97942#post97942
84-
http://www.bara2.net/vb/showpost.php?p=526797&postcount=22
85-
http://www.66n.com/forums/showthread.php?p=3543993#post3543993
86-
http://mutdawl.net/forums/showthread.php?p=6273227#post6273227
87-
http://www.al-jalees.net/vb/showthread.php?p=883446#post883446
88-
http://www.madarib.com/vb/showthread.php?p=449840#post449840
89-
http://www.moussa-sror.com/vb/showthread.php?p=209585#post209585
90-
http://syaanh.net/vb/showthread.php?p=9566438#post9566438
91-
http://www.ali9.net/vb/showthread.php?p=866037#post866037
92-
http://www.sasosoft.com/vb/showthread.php?p=172098#post172098
93-
http://www.alhebah.com/vb/showthread.php?p=714713#post714713
94-
http://www.a7babi.com/showthread.php?p=28350#post28350
95-
http://www.s-radood.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1221312#post1221312
96-
https://www.tjarksa.com/showthread.php?p=145282#post145282
97-
http://shmrq8.com/vb/showthread.php?p=903352#post903352
98-
http://www.ta4a.com/showthread.php?t=127889&p=724375#post724375
99-
http://www.matarp3abs.com/vb/74098.html#post604320
100-
http://www.yazansat.com/vb/showthread.php?p=934209#post934209
101-
http://www.aalomar.com/vb/showthread.php?p=70894#post70894
102-
http://www.nmknhr.com/vb/showthread.php?p=129238#post129238
103-
http://www.viiip.com/showthread.php?p=787919#post787919
104-
http://www.dr-ksa.net/vb/showthread.php?p=83427#post83427
105-
http://www.7belk.com/vb/7belk1435354/#post3613858
106-
http://chat-wow.net/vb/t352484/#post357635
107-
http://www.alghbyat.com/vb/%E3%E4%CA%CF%EC-%C7%E1%E3%E6%C7%D6%ED%DA-%C7%E1%DA%C7%E3%C9/18770.htm#post35984
108-
http://iron-sat.net/vb/showthread.php?p=162985#post162985
109-
https://www.mandaian.com/showthread.php?p=663671#post663671
110-
https://www.nb-6.com/vb/showthread.php?p=653381#post653381
111-
http://www.s7aib.ae/showthread.php?p=162162#post162162
112-
http://www.d-la3.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1375964#post1375964
113-
https://www.loghaty.com/vb3/showthread.php?p=708802#post708802
114-
http://www.essafirelmejid.com/vb/showthread.php?p=17284#post17284
115-
http://wiseheart6.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1375963#post1375963
116-
http://www.gamr15.com/vb/t411965.html
117-
https://www.babasat.com/index.php?threads/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7.56688/
118-
http://menalmuheetlelkhaleej.com/showthread.php?p=838808#post838808
119-
http://dr-ksa.net/vb/showthread.php?p=83429#post83429
120-
http://addpages.company/vb/showthread.php?p=501337#post501337
121-
http://souqbluebird.com/vb/showthread.php?p=144470#post144470
122-
http://asuaqksa.com/showthread.php?p=238895#post238895
123-
https://www.tfsser.com/showthread.php?p=9464#post9464
124-
http://www.cofe-cup.net/vb/showthread.php?p=881770#post881770
125-
http://www.aldhwailah.com/vb/d357576/#post4065761
126-
http://www.kalbani.net/vb/showthread.php?p=13017#post13017
127-
http://yanbuelhader.com/vb/showthread.php?p=618929#post618929
128-
http://www.alssuqksa.com/showthread.php?p=113746#post113746
129-
http://www.llbf.com.sa/vb/showthread.php?p=1509927#post1509927
130-
https://www.rewity.com/forum/t471907.html#post14847168
131-
http://technologysat.com/vb/showthread.php?p=31412#post31412
132-
http://ksaso0on.com/vb/showthread.php?p=214441#post214441
133-
http://www.66a66.com/vb/t60599.html#post542043
134-
http://www.s3jo.com/vb/showthread.php?p=496000#post496000
135-
http://www.t-line1.com/vb/showthread.php?p=242753#post242753
136-
http://dng.com.sa/forums/t4543.html#post24499
137-
https://www.shababharb.com/vb/showthread.php?p=483966#post483966
138-
http://sohbatulquran.com/vb/showthread.php?p=110839#post110839
139-
http://alzahrah.net/vb/showthread.php?p=454475#post454475
140-
http://www.nbdksa.com/vb/showthread.php?p=2424737#post2424737
141-
http://www.cyemen.com/vb/showthread.php?t=332982&p=1839410#post1839410
142-
http://www.omercombo.eb2a.com/vb/showthread.php?p=13961#post13961
143-
http://www.landcruisergroup.com/vb/showthread.php?p=197956#post197956
144-
http://www.alshmo5.com/vb/t64879.html#post384832
145-
http://aiam.7mry.com/showthread.php?p=1533455#post1533455
146-
https://www.3jba.com/vb/showthread.php?p=372021#post372021
147-
https://www.gm-battles.com/vb/f2/%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7-89150/#post272635
148-
http://www.ylomonya.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1037463#post1037463
149-
http://traid-net.net/showthread.php?p=128456#post128456
150-
http://dl3modern.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1034491#post1034491
151-
http://50.87.12.135/showthread.php?p=121847#post121847
152-
https://zekosat.com/vb/showthread.php?p=29645#post29645
153-
https://www.3rbseyes.com/showthread.php?p=9206603#post9206603
154-
https://www.bdy3.net/vb/showthread.php?p=70204#post70204
155-
http://www.d-aljandal.net/vb/t44603.html
156-
http://www.souq-domain.com/showthread.php?p=152391#post152391
157-
http://www.alkrsan.net/forum/caciecn-caaaeaeue-news-diversified/289040-aaethu-iuno-ssa-ciecn-canicoe-aiaic-aeucaaic.html#post430236
158-
http://www.arabq.com/vb/showthread.php?p=551897#post551897
159-
http://www.alqaryh.com/vb/showthread.php?p=167445#post167445
160-
http://www.ormanland.com/forum/showthread.php?p=43418#post43418
161-
http://webmisr.net/vb/showthread.php?p=407789#post407789
162-
http://www.tripolicastle.com/t63806/#post358546
163-
http://www.nostr-adamus.com/showthread.php?p=219190#post219190
164-
http://www.egyscholars.com/vb/showthread.php?p=537212#post537212
165-
http://www.qatarw.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1279062#post1279062
166-
https://www.egybasma.com/forum/showthread.php?p=8396#post8396
167-
http://www.egyfans.com/vb/showthread.php?p=723674#post723674
168-
http://www.dhal3.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1621094#post1621094
169-
http://www.qtrpages.com/vb/showthread.php?p=501338#post501338
170-
http://www.egy4tec.com/forums/t38546/#post56943
171-
https://vb.hmsaatyemen.com/showpost.php?p=2119897&postcount=315
172-
https://rehaboctober.org/showthread.php?p=451154#post451154
173-
http://star7.koom.ma/montada/showthread.php?p=1906#post1906
174-
http://es7relsofly.koom.ma/montada/showthread.php?p=1457#post1457
175-
https://www.forumspalestine.com/showthread.php?p=20592#post20592
176-
https://edu.tassilialgerie.com/showthread.php?p=20461#post20461
177-
https://www.dafatir.net/vb/showthread.php?p=1147501#post1147501
178-
http://www.ldymsr.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1509559#post1509559
179-
http://www.q8mazad.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1174168#post1174168
180-
http://www.t0pmarket.com/showthread.php?p=62999#post62999
181-
http://www.aweshelhagar.com/vb/showthread.php?p=119853#post119853
182-
http://alt7lia.com/vb/showthread.php?p=5575#post5575
183-
http://www.ksasoq.com/t89439
184-
http://www.techno4com.com/vb/showthread.php?p=1873813#post1873813
185-
https://www.newdvd4arab.com/showthread.php?p=204604#post204604
186-
http://www.ngoom-sha3by.eb2a.com/vb/showthread.php?p=69200#post69200
187-
https://www.3garaat.com/vb/t424102.html#post644415
188-
http://www.umlh.net/vb/thread119653.html#post1069702
189-
http://sceco2030.com/vb/showthread.php?p=182119#post182119
190-
http://www.al-akhiar.com/vb/showthread.php?p=5241#post5241
191-
https://www.araphil.com/showthread.php?94348-%D9%85%D9%88%D9%82%D8%B9-%D9%8A%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%B6-%D9%83%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B6%D8%A9-%D9%85%D8%AD%D9%84%D9%8A%D8%A7-%D9%88%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%A7&p=164547#post164547
192-
http://www.alshellah.us/vb/t76769/#post120739
193-
http://www.n3na3.com/vb/showthread.php?p=912932#post912932
194-
http://alagwain.com/vb/showthread.php?p=107523#post107523
195-
https://www.bnf76d.com/vb/showthread.php?p=87862#post87862
196-
http://worlddes.com/vb/t658513
197-
http://www.eshtiq.com/vb/showthread.php?p=282500#post282500
198-
http://www.allwbi.com/vb/showthread.php?p=603332#post603332
199-
http://www.l-l6.com/vb/showthread.php?p=431251#post431251
200-
http://www.chat-jeddah.com/vb/t203896/#post233125
201-
http://www.bnt-ksa.com/vb/showthread.php?p=270849#post270849
202-
http://gutti2012.com/showthread.php?p=898296#post898296
203-
submitted by tamer6453 to u/tamer6453 [link] [comments]

PTKT CB FOREX EURUSD, GBPUSD,XAUUSD NGÀY 12/8/2020 - YouTube USD Forex - CB Consumer Confidence 30,Aug,2016 2.00pm GMT 100% JOIN TRADING!  Counter Blox - YouTube COUNTER BLOX TRADING #1 - YouTube TRADING USD CB Consumer Confidence news

Get the CB Consumer Confidence - Economic Calendar - Strategia Forex calendar event figures in real time as they are released and see the immediate effect they have on financial markets explained by professional analysts - Including previous and forecast figures as well as all the additional information you need to know about CB Consumer Confidence - Economic Calendar - Strategia Forex. Download Forex. Foreign exchange download Sunday, 27 September 2020. Select currencies Rates* for the period Starting on. Ending on * MCB 'Indicative' Foreign Exchange Rates ... CBForex ®, our secure, foreign exchange (FX) trading and transactions reporting system, lets you initiate, approve and report on all FX and foreign currency account transactions from a single source. You benefit from: Real-time foreign exchange rates for spot, forward and time options, including cross-currency trades. The ability to execute currency hedging strategies. FOREX.com is a registered FCM and RFED with the CFTC and member of the National Futures Association (NFA # 0339826). Forex trading involves significant risk of loss and is not suitable for all investors. Full Disclosure. Spot Gold and Silver contracts are not subject to regulation under the U.S. Commodity Exchange Act. The reference exchange rate of Myanmar Kyat against U.S. Dollar is calculated as weighted average exchange rate based on interbank and bank-customer trades conducted by authorized dealer banks.

[index] [3080] [1359] [615] [5487] [3000] [3123] [4167] [4788] [4694] [3227]

PTKT CB FOREX EURUSD, GBPUSD,XAUUSD NGÀY 12/8/2020 - YouTube

A Simple S&P 500 Forex Trading Strategy // Simple Forex Trading Strategy For A Smart Trader // SP500 Live Trade 08 Aug 2019 Be sure to Like, Subscribe, and h... TRADING USD CB Consumer Confidence news اكسير الفوركس ... 95% Winning Forex Trading Formula - Beat The Market Maker📈 - Duration: 37:53. TRADE ATS Recommended for you. 37:53. Tham gia: http://daututhongminh.org/dau-tu/ Copy trade exness: https://social-trading.exness.com/str... Mở Tài Khoản exness: https://www.exness.com/a/tql5qql... PTKT HÔM NAY (22/9/2020): http://daututhongminh.org/ptkt-cb-ngay-23-9-2020/ Tham gia: http://daututhongminh.org/dau-tu/ Copy trade exness: https://social-tra... Join our discord: https://discord.gg/b3dWa6K JOIN THE BUTTERFLY NAVAL GIVEAWAY BY: SUBSCRIBING LIKING THE VIDEO TURNING ON POST NOTIFICATIONS AND COMMENTING ...

https://muffcucunignri.tk